Participants of the Ministerial Conference Adopted Collective Ministerial Statement and Welcomed the Opening of the Center for Green Technologies and Investment Projects “Future Energy” in Astana
11 June 2017,
Participants of the Ministerial Conference “Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Energy” taking place in the capital of Kazakhstan have adopted a joint Ministerial Statement on the transition to sustainable development and the energy system.
The document notes that energy plays a key role in achieving global economic growth and underlies the development of all areas of the economy.
“We, the Ministers of Energy, gathered on June 11, 2017, here in Astana to participate in the matters related to the accelerated transition to a sustainable energy system. Energy plays a key role in achieving global economic growth and underlies the development of all areas of the economy. We recognize that, for sustainable development of the world, it is important for our states to provide access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy sources and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the energy sector. Increasing efficiency and reducing emissions will be crucial for achieving environmental objectives. We undertake to promote the initiatives described in this document in accordance with our national characteristics”, Energy Minister Kanat Bozumbayev read out the initial part of the document.
Ministers have supported the development of the national action plans for sustainable energy in line with future energy needs and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, including the already agreed improvements in energy efficiency, reduction of the total carbon intensity of the energy sector, reduction of methane emissions and ensuring universal access to energy.
Ministers called on the community of international organizations and other energy stakeholders to fully support the initiatives outlined in the document.
The statement notes that the transformation of the energy system into one whole – in which the views on its existence form a shared policy and the energy itself is transferred from a range of goods to the category of services – will not be instantaneous. Actions by international organizations, governments and national regulators, civil society and private investors can accelerate the indispensable transition.
“Energy markets should be reformed in such a way that energy prices reflect the full cost, including emissions, while eliminating the disproportion of subsidies in the market within the whole system. The use of energy subsidies may be weakened by examining more effective ways to protect vulnerable groups or by promoting new technologies. Policymakers need to take action to move from the energy system that produces goods to the industry that provides energy services and ultimately to improve its technical and economic potential.
Participants of the Ministerial Conference “Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Energy” taking place in the capital of Kazakhstan have supported the establishment of the Center for Green Technologies and Investment Projects under the auspices of the UN in Astana, to be funded by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and voluntary extrabudgetary resources.
“We are celebrating the initiative of Kazakhstan to establish the “Future Energy” Center for Green Technologies and Investment Projects in Astana, funded by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and voluntary extrabudgetary resources with expert support, including interested organizations of the United Nations system such as UNDP, UNEP, UNIDO , ESCAP to assist interested countries in such areas as energy market reform, energy efficiency, renewable energy, access to energy, energy security, finance and investment, energy technologies and databases, indicators and analysis”, said Kanat Bozumbaev, Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
“The representatives of the above organizations hereby express their interest in cooperating on a framework basis in areas of common interest related to the center. Scales, forms and areas of work of the center will be determined later. The representatives recognize the important role that the center can play in developing green economy, including green financing, and in sharing knowledge and best practices. The representatives emphasize the free and voluntary nature of this cooperation and, in the spirit of good faith, will continue to encourage the efforts of the Republic of Kazakhstan”, he said.
Bozumbaev noted that the Center will provide consulting services, trainings and technology demonstrations, including expert reviews, and will address the issues of “green” financing to accelerate the implementation of the “green” economy projects.
“We are confident that the establishment of the center will make it possible to take the integration of regional and international ties to a higher level. The center will focus on promoting green technologies primarily in the countries of Central Asia and other neighboring countries”, said Mr. Bozumbaev.
The joint ministerial statement notes the importance of developing and disseminating internationally recognized minimum standards for energy efficiency in all sectors.
“We will voluntarily participate in the development of public data collection methods as well as the ones for accumulating and disseminating relevant information and indicators on energy for the purpose of sustainable development. We will actively participate in the international dialogue on technology development, strengthening of energy policy, as well as studying know-hows and lessons learned in order to exchange best practices”, the statement says.
The Ministers noted that to date there is no common understanding of what sustainable energy development is, or how to achieve it. At present, the national energy strategies reflect various options for economic development, the availability of resources and energy balances.
“Each country establishes its own national energy policy based on its own prospects for sustainable development, environmental protection, income requirements, poverty reduction, climate change mitigation, quality of life, etc. As a result, numerous approaches and results can be reflected in national plans”, the statement says.
At the same time, the problems of energy security are often addressed by promoting energy independence, rather than international integration of markets, which hampers the improvement of technical, environmental and economic efficiency.
At the same time, fossil fuels play a significant role in the energy balance. Even with climate change within 2°C under the Paris Agreement scenarios, the share of fossil energy will continue to be significant in the energy balance in 2050. This problem needs to be addressed by improving efficiency or undertaking adequate emission control.
“Some options for boosting the overall performance of the existing energy system are excluded because of public perceptions, policies, market distortions or health, safety and environmental issues. Achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement will require addressing a number of issues”, the parties to the statement say.
The transformation of the energy system will require changes in policy and regulation in the light of positioning the energy as an area that produces not only products but also services.
REFERENCE: The Ministerial Conference and the Eighth International Forum under the general title “Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Energy” have commenced in the first days of the “International Specialized Exhibition EXPO-2017: Future Energy” (hereinafter – Exhibition) to be held on the 11th – 14th June of 2017.
This key event of the energy sector is included in the Schedule of the Most Significant Events of EXPO.
The Ministerial Conference and the Forum are hosted by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the KAZENERGY Association under the auspices of the five UN Regional Commissions (ECE, ESCAP, ESCWA, ECA, and ECLAC).
The partners of the Conference and Forum include reputable international organizations, such as UNDP, UNDESA, SE4ALL, IRENA, IEA, IEC, UNIDO and others.
The main themes of the Forum and the opening Ministerial Conference: Meeting the Challenge of Sustainable Energy are energy security, trade and infrastructure, the interrelationship of energy, climate and food, and the development of renewable energy in the regional context.
The main outcome of the event will be the adoption of the Ministerial Statement containing a number of specific measures to ensure the achievement of the goals of the new Global Agenda 2030. The Ministerial Statement will be a part of EXPO’s Manifesto of Values and Principles – the main final document of the Exhibition.
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KAZENERGY Association expresses special gratitude to the partners that supported the organization and holding of the Conference and the Forum: Samruk-Kazyna National Welfare Fund, Samruk-Kazyna Trust Social Development Foundation, Tengizchevroil LLP, CNPC and Karachaganak Petroleum Operating B.V.